BISHOP BRIAN J. KENNEDY, O.S.B.

PRESIDING BISHOP OF THE CELTIC ORTHODOX CHURCH

 

 

SEE: http://www.celticorthodoxchurch.com/succ.html for details of Apostolic Succession

The Apostolic Succession of
Bishop Brian J. Kennedy, O.S.B.

The Church of Constantinople

NAME of Hierarch

EPISCOPAL TERM

1. Andrew, the Apostle of our Lord
(Founded the Church at Constantinople; ordained Stachys)

Founded 38 AD

2. Stachys, the Disciple (one of the 70 Apostles)
(First Bishop of Constantinople)

AD 38 54

3. Onesimos

AD 54 68

4. Polykarpos

AD 69 89

5. Ploutarchos

AD 89 105

6. Sedekion

AD 105 114

7. Diogenes

AD 114 129

8. Eleftherios

AD129 136

9. Felix

AD 136 141

10. Polykarpos II

AD 141 144

11. Athenodoros

AD 144 148

12. Euzoios

AD 148 154

13. Laurentios

AD 154 166

14. Alypios

AD 166 169

15. Pertinax

AD 169 187

16. Olympianos

AD 187 198

17. Markos I

AD 198 211

18. Philadelphos

AD 211 214

20. Kyriakos I

AD 214 230

21. Kastinos

AD 230 237

22. Eugenios I

AD 237 242

23. Titos

AD 242 272

24. Dometios

AD 272 303

25. Roufinos

AD 303

26. Provos

AD 303 315

27. Metrophanes I

AD 315 325

28. Alexandros

AD 325 340

29. Paulos I, the Confessor

AD 340 41, 342 34, 348 50

30. Eusebios

AD 341 342

31. Makedonios I

AD 344 348, 350 360

32. Eudoxios

AD 360 369

33. Demophilos

AD 369 379

34. Evagrios

AD 379

35. Maximos I,

AD 380

36. Gregory, the Theologian
(First Archbishop of Constantinople)

AD 379 381

37. Nectarios

AD 381 397

38. John I, the Chrysostom

AD 398 404

39. Arsakios

AD 404 405

40. Attikos

AD 406 425

41. Sisinios I

AD 425 427

42. Nestorios

AD 428 431

43. Maximianos

AD 431 434

44. Proklos

AD 434 447

45. Flavianos

AD 447 449

46. Anatolios
(First Patriarch of Constantinople)

AD 449 458

47. Gennadios I

AD 458 471

48. Akakios

AD 471 489

49. Favritas (Fravitas)

AD 489 490

50. Euphemios

AD 490 496

51. Makedonios II

AD 496 511

52. Timotheos I

AD 511 518

53. John II, the Cappadocian

AD 518 520

54. Epiphanios

AD 520 536

55. Anthimos

AD 535 536

56. Menas

AD 536 552

57. Eutychios I

AD 552 565, 577 582

58. John III

AD 566 577

59. Eutychios II

AD 577 582

60. John IV, the Faster

AD 582 595

61. Kyriakos II

AD 595 607

62. Thomas I

AD 607 610

63. Sergios I

AD 610 638

64. Pyrros I (later returned as Pyrros II)

AD 638 641

65. Paulos II

AD 641 652

66. Pyrros II ()same as Pyrros I)

AD 652 or 654

67. Petros

AD 652 664

68. Thomas II

AD 665 668

69. John V

AD 668 674

70. Constantine I

AD 674 676

71. Theodoros I

AD 676 678, 683 686

72. Georgios I

AD 678 683

73. Paulos III

AD 686 693

74. Kallinikos I

AD 693 705

75. Kyros

AD 705 711

76. John VI

AD 711 715

77. Germanos I, the Confessor

AD 715 730

78. Anastasios

AD 730 751

79. Constantine II

AD 754 766

80. Niketas, the Slav

AD 766 780

81. Paulos IV

AD 780 784

82. Tarasios

AD 784 806

83. Nikephoros I

AD 806 815

84. Theodotos, Melissenos

AD 815 821

85. Antonios I, Kasymatas

AD 821 826

86. John VII the Grammatikos

AD 826 842

87. Methodios I, the Confessor

842 846

88. Ignatios I, the Prince

AD 846 857, 867 878

89. Photios the Great

AD 857 867, 878 886

90. Stephanos I, the Prince

AD 886 893

91. Antonios II, Kavleas

AD 893 895

92. Nikolaos I, the Mystic

AD 895 906, 911 925

93. Euthymios I

AD 906 911

94. Stephanos II

AD 925 928

95. Tryphon

AD 928 931

96. Theophylctos, Lakapenos, the Princeling

AD 933 956

97. Polyeuctos

AD 956 970

98. Vasilios I, Skamandrenos

AD 970 974

99. Antonios III, Skandalios, also Stoudites

AD 974 980

100. Nikolaos II, Chrysoverges

AD 984 995

The Russian Church

Period during which the Metropolitans sat at Kiev:

NAME of Hierarch

EPISCOPAL TERM

1. Michael, the Syrian

A.D. 990

2. Leontius

A.D. 993

3. John

A.D. 1015

4. Theopemptus

A.D. 1037

5. Hilarion

A.D. 1051

6.George

A.D. 1072

7.John II

A.D. 1080

8. John III

A.D. 1089

9. Ephraim

A.D. 1096

10. Nicholas

A.D. 1098

11. Nicephorus

A.D. 1108

12. Nicetas

A.D. 1124

13. Michael II

A.D. 1127

14. Clement

A.D. 1197

15. Constantine

A.D. 1136

16. Theodore

A.D. 1160

17. John IV

A.D. 1164

18. Constantine II

A.D. 1167

19. Nicephorus II

A.D. 1185

20. Matthew

A.D. 1201

21. Kyrill I

A.D. 1205

22. Joseph

A.D. 1240

Period during which the Metropolitans sat at Vladimir:

NAME of Hierarch

EPISCOPAL TERM

23. Kyrill II

A.D. 1250

24. Maximus

A.D. 1283

25. Peter

A.D. 1308

Period during which the Metropolitans resided at Moscow:

NAME of Hierarch

EPISCOPAL TERM

26. Theognostes

A.D. 1328

27. Alexis

A.D. 1353

28. Cyprian

A.D. 1380

29. Photius

A.D. 1410

30. Isidore

A.D. 1432

31. Jonah

A.D. 1448

32. Theodosius

A D. 1462

33. Philip I

A.D. 1467

34. Gerontius

A.D. 1472

35. Zosimus

A.D. 1491

36. Simon

A.D. 1496

37. Barlaam

A.D. 1511

38. Daniel

A.D. 1522

39. Joasaph

A.D. 1539

40. Macarius

A.D. 1542

41. Athanasius

A.D. 1564

42. Philip

A.D. 1565

43. Cyrill III

A.D. 1568

44. Anthony

A.D. 1572

45. Dionysius

A.D. 1582

The Patriarchs of Moscow:

NAME of Hierarch

EPISCOPAL TERM

1. Job

A.D. 1587

2. Hermogenes

A.D. 1606

3. Philaret

A.D. 1620

4. Joasaph I

A.D. 1631

5. Joseph

A.D. 1642

6. Nikon

A.D. 1653

7. Joasaph II

A.D. 1667

8. Pitirim

A.D. 1672

9. Joachim

A.D. 1673

10. Adrian

A.D. 1690

11. Metropolitan Stephen (Yavorsky), of Rostov, Guardian of the Patriarchate

A.D. 1701

12. The Most Holy Synod

A.D. 1721 1918

13. St.Tikhon the New Martyr, 11th Patriarch

A.D. 1918 1925

14. St. Peter the New Martyr, Metropolitan of Petrograd,
Locum Tenens of the Patriarchal Throne

A.D. 1925 1938

Notes of Interest Concerning this List

The Holy Apostle Andrew: The Apostle St. Andrew was the first to preach the Gospel of Christ in Constantinople, apointing one of the 70, St. Stachys, as her bishop. He went throughout the Black sea region and on to Russia, where he planted a cross at Kiev; however, the full scale conversion of Russia would come much later.

Elevation from Metropolitan to Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia: In 1589 Ieremias [Jeremiah] II, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1572 1579, 1580 1584, 1586 1595), with the other ancient patriarchates, granted the Russian Church autocephaly and raised Iov [Job], Metropolitan of Moscow to the Patriarchal dignity. This created the Patriarchate of Moscow and all the Russias.

Vacancy of the Patriarchate: In 1700 Tsar Peter the Great took advantage of the death of Patriarch Adrian to put an end to the position of Patriarch in the the Russian Church. He with the consent of the other Patriarchs refused to allow the election of a new Russian Patriarch. Metropolitan Stephen was made Guardian of the Patriarchate in 1701. In 1721 the Russian Church altered its hierarchal structure so that the conciliar authority of the Holy Synod of Bishops replaced the former system.

Patriarch Tikhon: The Holy Synod, on October 19, 1897, consecrated Fr. Tikhon Bishop of Lublin, a vicariate of the Kholm Warsaw diocese, in the Trinity cathedral of the Alexander Nevsky Lavra in St. Petersburg. His consecrators were Metropolitan Palladius (Rayev) of St. Petersburg, Archbishop Arsenius (Bryantsev) of Kazan, Archbishop Anthony (Vadkovsky) of Finland, Bishop John (Kratirov) of Narva and Bishop Gurias (Burtasovsky) of Samara. On September 14, 1898, he was made Bishop of the Aleutian Islands and Alaska. In 1900 he was appointed Bishop of North America, becoming archbishop on May 19, 1905. On January 25, 1907, he was appointed Archbishop of Yaroslavl and Rostov, and on December 22, 1913 he was transfered to the diocese of Vilnius. Since Metropolitan Macarius of Moscow had been among those removed from his see by the revolutionary Provisional government in 1917, it was necessary to elect a new metropolitan. On June 19, 1917, a congress of the clergy and laity of the diocese of Moscow met and on June23 / July 6 (according to another source, June 21 / July 4) elected Tikhon as Archbishop of Moscow and Kolomna (he became metropolitan on August 14/27). On August 15, 1917, the Local Council of the Russian Church opened in the cathedral of Christ the Saviour in Moscow attended by 564 delegates. Metropolitan Tikhon was elected president of the Council by 407 votes to 33. The first major question before the Council was the restoration of the patriarchate, which had been abolished by Peter the Great in 1700. 200 delegates participated in the Section on the Higher Church Administration that was to decide this question, and for a long time the opponents of the patriarchate, led by the future renovationist Professor Titlinov, waged a bitter struggle against its restoration. However, the Bolshevik coup on October 25 changed the mood of the Council, and on October 31, at the suggestion of Count Paul Mikhailovich Grabbe, nominations of candidates took place.

 

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