HOLY TRINITY CELTIC ORTHODOX CHURCH
HISTORY OF COMMUNION IN THE HAND
St. Sixtus 1 (circa 115): “The Sacred Vessels are not to be handled by others than those consecrated to the Lord.”
The Council of Saragossa (380): Excommunicated anyone who dared to receive Holy Communion by hand. This was confirmed by the Synod of Toledo.
Ecumenical Council, at Constantinople (680-681): Forbade the faithful to take
the Sacred Host in their hand,
threatening transgressors with excommunication.
St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274): “Out of reverence towards this Sacrament [the Holy Eucharist], nothing touches it, but what is consecrated; hence the corporal and the chalice are consecrated, and likewise the priest’s hands, for touching this Sacrament.” (Summa Theologica, Part III, Q. 82, Art. 3, Rep. Obj. 8.)
The Council of Trent (1545-1565): “The fact that only the priest gives Holy Communion with his consecrated hands is an Apostolic Tradition.”
Pope John Paul II: “To touch the sacred species and to distribute them with their own hands is a privilege of the ordained.” (Dominicae Cenae, 11)